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What is Thyroid?

Thyroid gland is a great regulator of body and mind and thyroid hormones affect nearly every organ in the body. Thyroid is about 2 inches long, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple. The thyroid secretes several hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones. T4 and T3 hormones tell the body's cells how much energy to use and regulate your metabolism

The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain, senses either a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust its own hormone (TSH-Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) and send it to the thyroid to tell it what to do.

Common signs of a thyroid disorder:

  • Many women with gestational diabetes have no symptoms at all, they may be diagnosed on routine screening or following blood or urine checks. The condition usually develops in the third trimester, between 24 and 28 weeks.

However, if glucose levels start to rise you may notice:

  • Unexplained Weight Gain or Loss
  • Swelling or enlargement in neck
  • Changes in Heart Rate
  • Changes in Energy or Mood
  • Hair Loss
  • Feeling Too Cold or Hot
  • Dry skin and brittle nails
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands
  • Constipation
  • Abnormal menstrual periods
  • Muscle weakness or trembling hands
  • Vision problems
  • Diarrhea
  • Irregular menstrual periods

If you are worried about gestational diabetes, talk to your doctor or schedule an appointment with us.

Diseases of Thyroid

Thyroid diseases are life-long conditions.People with thyroid disease can live healthy, normal lives with regular doctor’s visits and treatments

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Tyroiditis
  • Graves’ Diseases
  • Goitert
  • Thyroid Nodule
  • Solitary Thyroid Nodules
  • Multinodular Goiter
  • Thyroid Cancere


  • When the thyroid produces too much hormone, the body uses energy faster than it should. This condition is called hyperthyroidism.

The following are symptoms for hyperthyroidism:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent, heavy menstrual periods
  • Frequent, heavy menstrual periods
  • Weight gain
  • Dry, coarse skin and hair
  • Hoarse voice
  • Intolerance to cold


  • When the thyroid doesn't produce enough hormone, the body uses energy slower than it should. This condition is called hypothyroidism.

The following are symptoms for hypothyroidism:

  • Irritability/nervousness
  • Muscle weakness/tremors
  • Infrequent, scant menstrual periods
  • Weight loss
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Vision problems or eye irritation
  • Heat sensitivity

Thyroid Cancer

  • Thyroid cancer is uncommon and is among the least deadly.

Risk Factors of thyroid disorder :

  • Mostly in women and particularly over the age of 60.
  • A family history raises your risk of either disorder.
  • A blood test called the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is used to diagnose a thyroid disorder.
  • If a person is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, the doctor will most likely prescribe thyroid hormones in the form of a pill. Most people with hypothyroidism will need to take thyroid hormones for the rest of their lives.